vol.009 - Sustainable Use of Resources in Northeast Asia 北東アジアにおける資源の持続可能な利用

Sustainable Use of Resources in Northeast Asia


Gaku Ito

Research Fellow, Center for Transdisciplinary Innovation, NIHU


On January 18, 2017, the Center for Far Eastern Studies (CFES) of University of Toyama hosted the international symposium “Sustainable Use of Resources in Northeast Asia” as a part of the efforts in CFES for the National Institute for the Humanities (NIHU) Area Studies Project for Northeast Asia. The symposium was jointly organized with NIHU and supported by the Toyama Prefectural Government. Within the project, CFES engages in the studies of economics and related fields. In the fiscal year 2016, in particular, CFES has conducted research mainly on the international division of labor in forestry and wood resources and on the sustainable use of these resources in the Northeast Asian region. Inviting researchers from Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan and an officer of the Toyama Prefectural Government, the symposium was held for the principal purposes of improving the research level through discussions among researchers and releasing the research findings into society through the open session. With the help from within the university and outside as mentioned above, the symposium offered a rich variety of research presentations and lectures related to the Northeast Asian region and forest and wood resources.

The symposium was featured in the four newspapers including the Kitanippon Shimbum and the Yomiuri Shimbun. This reflects the high level of interest in the Northeast Asian region and in forestry and wood resources in the prefecture.


Researcher Session 

The researchers from Renmin University of China, Kangwon National University, Korea, and National Taiwan University, as well as the National Museum of Ethnology and University of Toyama participating in the NIHU Northeast Asia Area Studies Project gave presentations and had an active discussion in the researcher session. The session was rich in its multidisciplinarity, given that it included presentations on not only theoretical and empirical researches based on the economic approach but also on studies based on the approach of cultural anthropology, and that Toyama faculty members of the natural science departments participated in the discussions. Professor Hsu Shih-hsun of National Taiwan University reported a theoretical assessment on the likely impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) on Taiwan’s forest and wood-related industries drawing on an economic model, or the general equilibrium model, and numerical simulations. Utilizing an econometric approach, Professor Zhao Guoqing of Renmin University of China and Professor Ma Jun of University of Toyama each reported empirical studies on the fluctuations of fossil fuel prices and timber trade in Japan, China and Korea. Professor Kim Joon-Soon of Kangwon National University delivered a presentation on the evaluation method of the eco-system and the environment based on an economic approach and its application to the forests in Korea.  Subsequently, Professor Kazunobu Ikeya of the National Museum of Ethnology gave a presentation on the use and management of non-timber forest products based on the findings from a cultural anthropological perspective and surveys.


Open Session

The open session began with a greeting from Professor Hiroko Imamura, director of CFES. It included four lectures with a focus on the timber- and forest-related industries and trade in Japan, China and Korea. In the first half of the session, Professor Kim Se Bin of Chungnam National University, Korea delivered a lecture “Development and Prospects of the Korean Timber Industry: An Industrial Organization Theory Approach”. It was followed by a lecture entitled “Wood Supply for 70 Years in Post-World War II Japan and the Current State of Forests” from Professor Shin Nagata of the University of Tokyo. These two lectures clarified the history and current state of the timber industry in Japan and Korea, as well as the fact that both countries are facing similar policy issue of promoting the use of domestically produced timber products.

Professor Kong Xiangzhi of Renmin University of China gave a lecture entitled “Study of China’s Forestry Policy and Wood Circulation System” to review the current status of forest and wood-related resources and trading in China as well as policy issues including forest conservation. Subsequently, Mr. Makoto Shimizu, councilor for the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Department of the Toyama Prefectural Government, presented a lecture focused on Toyama Prefecture under the title “The Cyclical Use of Forestry Resources by Encouraging the Use of Timber Produced in Toyama Prefecture”. The lecture explained the current circumstances surrounding timber produced in the prefecture, including timber demand, industry and prices, as well as the prefectural government measures concerning the utilization of timber products grown in Toyama prefecture, including promoting wooden public buildings and subsidization for the new construction and renovation of wooden residential houses using local timber products.


CFES within the NIHU Northeast Asia area studies project will continuously endeavor to organize international and inter-disciplinary academic conferences and distribute and return the achievements to society.






人間文化研究機構 総合人間文化研究推進センター研究員

伊藤 岳


 2017年1月18日、人間文化研究機構 北東アジア地域研究推進事業・富山大学 極東地域研究センター拠点において国際シンポジウム「北東アジアにおける資源の持続可能な利用」(共催:人間文化研究機構、後援:富山県)を開催しました。北東アジア地域研究推進事業において、富山大学拠点は経済分野の研究を担っており、特に平成28年度は北東アジア地域における森林・木材資源の国際分業・持続可能な資源利用を中心に研究を進めてきました。本シンポジウムは、日本・中国・韓国・台湾の研究者と富山県の実務家を招聘し、研究者間の議論を通した研究水準の向上と、一般公開セッションを通した研究成果の社会への発信を主な目的として開催しました。上記のような学内外のご協力を得て、本シンポジウムでは、「北東アジア」と「森林・木材資源」をキーワードとした多様な研究報告・講演を提示することができました。




 研究者向けの英語セッションでは、中国人民大学・韓国江原大学校・国立台湾大学の研究者、および北東アジア地域研究推進事業・国立民族学博物館拠点と富山大学拠点の研究者が研究報告を行ない、活発に議論を交わしました。このセッションは、経済学的アプローチに基づく理論研究と実証研究だけでなく、文化人類学的アプローチに基づく研究報告があり、また富山大学拠点の自然科学系の教員も討論者として参加するなど、学際色豊かなものとなりました。徐世勳教授(国立台湾大学)からは、環太平洋自由貿易協定(TPP)が台湾の森林・木材関連産業に与える影響を、経済モデル(一般均衡モデル)とシミュレーションを用いて検討した理論的な報告がありました。趙国慶教授(中国人民大学)と馬駿教授(富山大学)からはそれぞれ、化石燃料価格の変動および日中韓における木材貿易を巡る、計量経済学の手法を用いた実証研究の報告がありました。金俊淳教授(韓国江原大学校)からは、経済学的アプローチに基づく生態系・環境評価手法と韓国の森林へのその応用についての報告が、続く池谷和信教授(国立民族学博物館)からは文化人類学的視点と調査に基づく、日本における非木材林産物(non-timber forest products)の利用・管理についての報告がありました。



 一般公開セッションは今村弘子教授(富山大学 極東地域研究センター・センター長)の挨拶で幕を開け、日中韓3カ国の木材・森林関連産業・貿易に着目した4つの講演がありました。セッションの前半では、金世彬教授(韓国忠南大学校)の「韓国木材産業の発展と展望:産業組織論的アプローチ」と題した講演と、永田信教授(東京大学)の「戦後日本の70年の木材需給と今日の森林の姿」と題した講演がありました。2つの講演では、日韓両国における木材産業の歴史・現状に加えて、国産材活用推進のような課題を両国がともに抱えていることも浮き彫りとなりました。



 北東アジア地域研究推進事業 富山大学拠点では、今後もこうした国際的・学祭的な学術会議とその成果の社会への発信・還元に取り組んでいきます。




Discussion in the Researcher Session



Lecture in the Open Session